“Orbeez are colorful, squishy little beads about the size of ball bearings made of polymers composed of acrylic acid, sodium hydroxide and water. Harper Park
In the year 2020, people likely spent more time bored at home than in any other year since the turn of the century. And it’s entirely possible that millions of homebound people actually considered performing the following task:
- Discover through the scientific method of experimentation how many hydrated Orbeez it takes to fill your bathtub.
While we applaud experiments of most kinds, we will do that math for you here so you don’t have to ruin your plumbing finding out. Unless, of course, you want to.
Orbeez start off as hard, colorful little beads about the size of ball bearings made of polymers composed of acrylic acid, sodium hydroxide and water — the same stuff that makes diapers and maxi pads absorbent. When submerged in water, the spaces between these polymers are packed full of water molecules, resulting in their swelling to a size over 150 times their original diameter. They also can be dehydrated — just set them in the sun or in a dry, open container — whereupon they shrink back to their original size in a day or so.
So, how many of these water beads would it take to fill up the bathtub at your house?
Bathtub sizes differ, but in the U.S. a standard tub holds 42 gallons (159 liters) of water. How many individual water beads would it take to fill an entire tub?
According to the Orbeez website, 100 dried water beads yield one cup (240 milliliters) of fully hydrated Orbeez. There are 16 cups in a gallon, and therefore 1,600 water beads in a gallon. So, for a 42-gallon (159-liter) tub you’ll need 67,200 water beads to fill a standard sized bathtub. But, be aware, that at nearly $24 for a package of 2,000 Orbeez, it could cost you a pretty penny to fill your bathtub. There are, of course, similar, less expensive options on the market as well.
But wait! If you’re really going to try this at home, remember that if you are planning to submerge yourself in the tub full of Orbeez, you’ll displace a ton of swollen beads with your body, so maybe shoot for around 30 gallons (114 liters) to be safe. In that case, you’ll need more like 48,000 water beads. Point being, if you get in your Orbeez bath, you may not get any cleaner, but it will save you some money.
Final caveat: Orbeez grow bigger if you use distilled water. The salts and minerals in tap water inhibit the growth of each bead, and some people put salt or rubbing alcohol in their beads to keep them from growing bacteria, which also keeps them from growing as large. For the biggest beads, use distilled water!
Now That’s Interesting
Orbeez were originally developed to mix with soil to give agricultural plants access to water for longer. They are entirely biodegradable and are nontoxic, so are safe for the environment, kids and pets, though it’s probably best that neither animals nor children consume Orbeez, just to be on the safe side.