How Much Water Is There on Earth? | Popular Science Homepage
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Sunday, July 3, 2022

How Much Water Is There on Earth?

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Water on earth“About 70 percent of the planet is covered in ocean, and the average depth of the ocean is around 12,100 feet. Needpix

There’s a whole lot of water on Earth! Something like 326,000,000,000,000,000,000 gallons (that’s 326 million trillion gallons) of the stuff (roughly 1,260,000,000,000,000,000,000 liters) can be found on our planet. This water is in a constant cycle — it evaporates from the ocean, travels through the air, rains down on the land and then flows back to the ocean.

­The oceans are huge. About 70 percent of the planet is covered in ocean, and the average depth of the ocean is about 12,100 feet (3,688 meters). Ninety-eight percent of the water on the planet is in the oceans, and therefore is unusable for drinking because of the salt. Less than 3 percent of the planet’s water is fresh, but about 1.6 percent of the planet’s water is locked up in the polar ice caps and glaciers. Another 0.36 percent is found underground in aquifers and wells. Only about 0.036 percent of the planet’s total water supply is found in lakes and rivers. That’s still thousands of trillions of gallons, but it’s a very small amount compared to all the water available.

The rest of the water on the planet is either floating in the air as clouds and water vapor, or is locked up in plants and animals (your body is 65 percent water, so if you weigh 100 pounds, 65 pounds of you is water!) With all the soda pop, milk and orange juice you see at the store and in your refrigerator, there’s probably several billion gallons of water sitting on a shelf at any one time!

Now That’s a Lot o’ Lakes

At last count, there were 117 million lakes in the world, covering nearly 4 percent of the world’s land surface, (excluding the glaciers of Greenland and Antarctica). There are 1,681 lakes in the United States.

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